Dr. Courtney J. Fung (Richardson) (馮康雲) is an assistant professor of International Relations at The University of Hong Kong.  Her research focuses on how rising powers, like China and India, address the norms and provisions for a global security order.  She is particularly interested in how status affects these states regarding United Nations peacekeeping, intervention, and emerging norms, like the responsibility to protect.  Her forthcoming Oxford University Press book explains China's varied response to intervention at the United Nations Security Council.  Her research has been supported by a Hong Kong Research Grants Council, the Konosuke Matsushita Memorial Foundation, and the Scaife Foundation. 

Courtney was most recently a 2016 – 2017 research fellow with the East Asia Institute in their Program on Peace, Governance, and Development in East Asia, and an honorary research fellow at the Department of Government and International Relations at the University of Sydney during a semester-long research sabbatical. She held pre-doctoral fellowships with the International Security Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University, and with the Global Peace Operations Program at the Center on International Cooperation, New York University. 

Courtney holds a PhD in International Relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, where she was awarded the Peter Ackerman Dissertation Prize for her doctoral thesis. She also holds an M.A. in Security Policy Studies from the George Washington University, and a B.Sc. (Hons) in International Relations from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Courtney is also a graduate of the Middlebury College Chinese Summer Language School, where she was a Kathryn Davis fellow. She is an inaugural recipient of the HKU Early Career Teaching Award, and serves as a member of the Fletcher School Board of Advisors.​




The book discusses the puzzle of China's varied response to intervention, and argues that status is an overlooked determinant in understanding China's decisions, even in the apex cases that are shadowed by a public discourse calling for foreign-imposed regime change in Sudan, Libya, and Syria. The book posits that China reconciles its status dilemma as it weighs decisions to intervene: seeking recognition from both its intervention peer groups of great powers and developing states. Understanding the impact and scope conditions of status answers why China has taken certain positions regarding intervention and how these positions were justified. Foreign policy behavior that complies with status, and related social factors like self-image and identity, means that China can select policy options bearing material costs. The book draws on an extensive collection of data, including over two hundred interviews with UN officials and Chinese foreign policy elites, participant observation at UN Headquarters, and a dataset of Chinese-language analysis regarding foreign-imposed regime change and intervention, and concludes with new perspectives on the malleability of China's core interests, insights about the application of status for cooperation and the implications of the status dilemma for rising powers.



  • Courtney J. Fung, China and Intervention at the UN Security Council: Reconciling Status (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019).
  • 2020 Courtney J. Fung, “Providing for Global Security: Implications of China’s Combat Troop Deployment to UN Peacekeeping​,” Global Governance, forthcoming.
  • 2019 Courtney J. Fung, “Rhetorical Adaptation and International Order-Making: China’s Advancement of the Responsibility to Protect,” Cooperation and Conflict​: ​https://doi.org/10.1177/0010836719858118​.
  • 2018 Courtney J. Fung, “Negotiating the Nuclear and Humanitarian Crisis on the Korean Peninsula: A Simulation and Teaching Guide.” PS: Political Science & Politics, 1 – 4: doi:10.1017/S1049096518001026
  • 2018 Courtney J. Fung, “Separating Intervention From Regime Change? China’s Diplomatic Innovations at the UN Security Council Regarding the Syria Crisis,” The China Quarterly 235: 693 – 712.
  • 2016 Courtney J. Fung, “Global South solidarity? China, regional organisations and intervention in the Libyan and Syrian civil wars,” Third World Quarterly 37, no. 1: 33 – 50.
  • 2016 Courtney J. Fung, “Explaining China’s Deployment to UN Peacekeeping Operations,” International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 16, no. 3: 409 – 441
  • 2011 Courtney J. Richardson, “A Responsible Power? China and the UN Peacekeeping Regime,” International Peacekeeping 18, no. 3: 288 – 299. ​

Recent Publications