July 27, 2019

Vietnam’s perceptions of China are complex and have been shaped bycultural affinity, the memory of wars, and geopolitical considerationsthroughout history. The construction of their foreign discourse has led tothe empirical puzzle: what makes China and Vietnam, two of the emergingpowers in East Asia, stick together in the post-Cold War era? How to explaintheir diplomatic spats in maritime disputes? This article traces the development of the ‘16 Word Guideline,’ adopted by both communist parties in 1999 and highlighted the binding effect of assurance rhetoric. This discursive context presents great opportunities for them for regional integration. A framework of ‘coercive rhetoric’ captures China’s and Vietnam’s official statements to signal benign intentions toward their neighbors, and to constrain foreign behavior from both sides.

Published online: 24 Jul 2019



Christina Lai was a post-doctoral fellow in China and the World Program at Princeton University, and she was a lecturer in Global Security Studies at Johns Hopkins University in 2017-2018. She is interested in U.S.- China Relations, Chinese Foreign Policy, East Asian politics, and Qualitative Research Methods. Her works have appeared in the Pacific Review, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, Journal of Asian Security and International Affairs, Asia Time, China’s World, and Asian Security.

賴潤瑤是本所助研究員,在美國喬治城大學博士班畢業以後,至Princeton University擔任博士後研究員(2015-2016)。她於2017-2018年間在Johns Hopkins University的全球安全研究的碩士班授課,並且指導碩士生畢業論文。 她的研究領域包括國際關係理論、中國外交政策、東亞安全、質性研究方法‧她目前的研究是探討中國外交政策中 “和平崛起”和 “和平發展”論述的侷限性,中國在2010年開始,外交言辭和對外政策皆趨於強勢,東亞國家如何認知與應變中國外交的延續和轉變,將會是國際關係領域中重要的課題。


Christina Lai CWP Taiwan China