MATTHEW ERIE - UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD - (SELF-)DISCIPLINING THE CORPORATION: FCPA PRACTICE, COMPLIANCE, AND GLOBAL ANTI-CORRUPTION REGIMES IN CHINA
4:30 pm Tue, Sep 27, 2016
An expansive literature examines the question of norm diffusion and legal transplantation, particularly in regards to democracy, transparency, and human rights, in the developing world, and, especially, China. To the extent that such analyses consider human actors, these are usually public interest lawyers, NGOs, and advocacy groups. Corporate lawyers offer a different view of the interface between foreign (e.g., U.S.) law and PRC law—and with different effects. Cross-border lawyers assess multiple sets of rules to advise their clients on local standards of behavior. While they localize norms, they do not replace them; rather they weigh different standards to opine on best practices. This paper, based on the author’s legal practice as well as on interviews with corporate lawyers in China, focuses on the case of anti-corruption compliance, one of the fastest growing areas of legal practice in China. Specifically, cross-border lawyers analyze anti-corruption norms across two dynamic regimes: the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, an extra-territorial statute passed by Congress in 1977 to curb the bribery of foreign officials by U.S. companies abroad, and China’s anti-corruption drive, started in 2012 to remove corrupt members from the Chinese Communist Party. This paper argues that to understand the interaction between norms across jurisdictions, we must attend to the micro-practices of bi-cultural lawyers in China, in this case, those who conduct internal investigations of U.S. clients in an environment of arbitrary regulation. Doing so demonstrates that the “rules of the game” are intimately linked to those who enforce norms. This is especially so in the field of compliance where the user-end customer (pre-emptively) enforces the law. An ethnography of compliance as practices of self-discipline sheds light on the situated logics of lawyering, just as lawyers are embedded in broader contours of market pressures, political campaigns, and U.S.-China relations which condition their logics.
Dr. Erie a sociocultural anthropologist (Ph.D. Cornell University) and a comparativist lawyer (J.D. University of Pennsylvania, LL.M. Tsinghua University) who studies Chinese law and society. His work examines intersections between Chinese law and forms of law both "beneath" and "beyond" the state, from religious law to global corporate governance. Specifically, his research engages the following themes: law and religion, property, corruption, and "conflicts of law." At the University of Oxford, He is an Associate Professor of Modern Chinese Studies(link is external), an Associate Research Fellow of the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, and a Fellow(link is external) at St. Cross College. He is also the China editor for SHARIAsource(link is external), a virtual platform for research, discussion, and debate about Islamic law, hosted by the Islamic Legal Studies Program at Harvard Law School.
(Self-)Disciplining the Corporation: FCPA Practice, Compliance, and Global Anti-Corruption Regimes in China - Matthew Erie, Univ of Oxford
Aaron Burr Hall 219
Open to the Public
JESSICA CHEN WEISS - PUBLIC OPINION AND ESCALATION IN THE EAST AND SOUTH CHINA SEA: SURVEY EVIDENCE FROM CHINA
September 28, 2016 - 4:30pm
Description: Does popular nationalism over the East and South China Sea pose a net benefit or liability to the Chinese leadership? How do mass political pressures affect the incentives of authoritarian leaders in international crises? In two national survey experiments, we find that Chinese Internet users or “netizens” approved of symbolic expressions of government resolve, even when tough action did not follow tough talk. And those netizens who were primed with reminders of China’s “national humiliation” by foreign powers between the 1840s and 1940s were also more likely to approve of the government’s current foreign policy performance. This survey evidence suggests that the Chinese government’s bluster and patriotic propaganda can be effective at rallying popular support. But by fanning nationalist sentiment, the Chinese government has also amplified the domestic risks to the regime. Disapproval of the government increased when netizens were reminded that the United States had sent B-52 bombers through China’s air defense identification zone in the East China Sea and defied Chinese warnings against close-in reconnaissance flights, a pattern that escalated with the EP-3 collision and death of a Chinese fighter pilot in April 2001. By rolling out our survey in real time, we found that public approval dipped after each of the U.S. military’s freedom of navigation patrols through the South China Sea on Oct. 27, 2015 and Jan. 30, 2016.
Bio: Jessica Chen Weiss is Associate Professor of Government at Cornell University. She is the author ofPowerful Patriots: Nationalist Protest in China’s Foreign Relations (Oxford University Press, 2014). The dissertation on which it is based won the 2009 American Political Science Association Award for best dissertation in international relations, law and politics. Her work appears in International Organization,China Quarterly, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, and Security Studies. Her research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, Uppsala University East Asia Peace Program, Cornell University Einaudi Center for International Studies and Institute for the Social Sciences, Princeton-Harvard China & The World Program, Fulbright-Hays program, and University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation. Born and raised in Seattle, Washington, she received her Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego in 2008. Before joining Cornell, she was an assistant professor at Yale University and founded FACES, the Forum for American/Chinese Exchange at Stanford, while an undergraduate at Stanford.
PATRICIA KIM - CWP POSTDOCTORAL FELLOW - WORKING WITH BEIJING: LESSONS FROM THE PAST AND FUTURE U.S. POLICY TOWARD CHINA
4:30 pm Wed, Oct 12, 2016
Title: Working with Beijing: Lessons from the Past and Future U.S. Policy Toward China
Description: China’s assertive behavior in the East and South China Seas, its unwillingness to crack down on North Korea, and its steadily growing clout in the global arena has generated a debate on whether and how the United States should recalibrate its posture toward China. How has the Obama administration’s “pivot” to Asia performed in the past eight years? Should the next U.S. administration continue engaging Beijing? Or are tougher measures in order? This lecture will outline the contours of the ongoing debate on U.S. policy toward China, and ask what lessons we can learn from the history of Sino-U.S. relations to inform present deliberations. It will examine previous attempts by American leaders to elicit cooperation from their Chinese counterparts, and discuss the elements of both failed and successful diplomatic efforts.
Speaker Bio: My name is Patricia Kim and I am a postdoctoral fellow at the Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program. My broad research interests include diplomacy, the international relations of East Asia, Chinese foreign policy, and archival research.
My dissertation, supported by a fellowship from the Bradley Foundation, examines China’s behavior in international negotiations with a focus on China’s relationships with the United States, Japan and South Korea. I specifically assess China’s “core interests” that serve as the foundation for its negotiating positions, and the diplomatic tools, ranging from coercion to persuasion, that Beijing’s counterparts have used with varying degrees of success to shape China’s behavior.
I received my Ph.D. from the Department of Politics at Princeton University in 2016. From fall 2014 to spring 2016, I was in residence at Harvard Kennedy School of Government’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs as an International Security Program Research Fellow.
Before beginning my graduate studies, I worked as an intern at the Center for East Asian Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution, and at the Congressional Executive Commission on China. I received my B.A. from the University of California, Berkeley.
Robertson Hall Bowl 1
Open to the Public
GARY BASS - PRINCETON UNIVERSITY - CHINA AND THE TOKYO WAR CRIMES TRIAL: A PRELIMINARY REPORT
12:00 pm to 1:00 pm Tue, Oct 25, 2016
Description of Talk: This is an early discussion of an ongoing book project on the politics and law of the Tokyo war crimes tribunal and the lingering impact of Japan’s World War II atrocities on modern Asia. I am early in the project and welcome suggestions. A legal landmark and an important but understudied case of international criminal justice, the Tokyo tribunal was also bound up in the tremendous political changes that created the postwar Asian order. The trial of the top Japanese leadership played itself out from 1946 to 1948 against a chaotic background of Communist revolutionary triumph in China, rising anticolonial nationalism in India and elsewhere, and the early days of the Cold War. The book will consider the political motivations of the major actors, with particular interest in China: the chief victim of Japan’s aggression but torn by the civil war between the KMT and CCP. How did Nationalist China approach the punishment of Japanese war criminals? How did the Chinese judge at Tokyo seek to sway the other judges? And could China have done more to overcome the bitter legacy of Imperial Japanese aggression and atrocities?
Bio: Gary Bass, a professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University, is the author of The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger, and a Forgotten Genocide (Knopf);Freedom's Battle: The Origins of Humanitarian Intervention (Knopf); and Stay the Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals (Princeton).
The Blood Telegram was a Pulitzer Prize finalist in general nonfiction and won the Council on Foreign Relations' Arthur Ross Book Award, the Lionel Gelber Prize, the Asia Society's Bernard Schwartz Book Award, the Cundill Prize in Historical Literature, the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations' Robert H. Ferrell Book Prize, and the Ramnath Goenka Award in India. It was also a New York Times and Washington Post notable book of the year, and a best book of the year in The Economist, Financial Times, The New Republic, and Kirkus Reviews. Freedom's Battle was a New York Times notable book of the year and aWashington Post best book of the year.
Bass has written articles for International Security, Philosophy & Public Affairs, The Yale Journal of International Law, The Michigan Law Review, Daedalus, NOMOS, and other journals, as well as numerous book chapters in edited volumes. A former reporter for The Economist, Bass has written often for The New York Times, as well as writing for The New Yorker, The Washington Post, The Los Angeles Times, The New Republic, Foreign Affairs,Foreign Policy, and other publications.
Robertson Hall Bowl 1
Open to the Public
SUSAN THORNTON - NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY - MANAGING CHINA’S RISE: VIEWS FROM THE ADMINISTRATION
Wed, Nov 9, 2016, 4:30 pm
This lecture will speak on the current administrations view of China’s rise, some of the opportunities and challenges, and a discussion of current policy.
Susan Thornton assumed responsibility as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in February 2016, after serving for a year and a half as Deputy Assistant Secretary. A career-member of the United States Foreign Service, Ms. Thornton joined the State Department in 1991 and has spent the last twenty years working on U.S. policy in Eurasia, focused on the countries of the former Soviet Union and East Asia.
As Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Ms. Thornton is responsible for policy related to China, Mongolia, and Taiwan.
Previous Foreign Service assignments include Deputy Chief of Mission to the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan., Deputy Director of the Office of Chinese and Mongolian Affairs at the State Department in Washington, Economic Unit Chief in the Office of Korean Affairs, and overseas postings in Beijing, Chengdu, Yerevan and Almaty.
Prior to joining the Foreign Service, Ms. Thornton worked at the Foreign Policy Institute in Washington, D.C., where she researched and wrote about Soviet bureaucratic politics and contemporary Russia. She speaks Russian and Mandarin Chinese.
Susan A. Thornton - Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary - BUREAU OF EAST ASIAN AND PACIFIC AFFAIRS - Term of Appointment: 02/2016 to present
ADMIRAL HARRY HARRIS - "DETERRING REVISIONIST POWERS”
Mon, Nov 14, 2016, 4:30 pm
- Admiral in the United States Navy who currently serves as Commander, United States Pacific Command (CDRUSPACOM) He is the first Asian-American to achieve the rank of Admiral in the U.S. Navy, the highest ranking Japanese American, and the first officer from the U.S. Navy's P-3 Orion maritime patrol aviation community to achieve 4-star rank. He was Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet in Hawaii from 2013–2015.
- While a Vice Admiral, he served as the Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Harris' prior operational command was in 2011, when he was commander of the U.S. Sixth Fleet and Naval Striking and Support Forces NATO.
- He is a 1978 graduate of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis. He is also the Navy's current "Gray Owl" – the Naval Flight Officer on active duty who has held this designation the longest period. Harris took command of USPACOM on May 27, 2015.
MORE THAN PERIPHERAL: HOW PROVINCES INFLUENCE CHINESE FOREIGN SECURITY POLICY
Mon, Nov 21, 2016, 5:00 pm
Audrye Wong, Princeton University
Most analyses of Chinese foreign and security policies treat China as a unitary actor, assuming a cohesive grand strategy articulated by Beijing. Current research on the role of subnational actors has focused on how they shape Beijing’s domestic and economic policies. I challenge this conventional wisdom, showing how Chinese provinces can affect the formulation and implementation of foreign security policy. Using Hainan and Yunnan as case studies, I identify three mechanisms of provincial influence – trailblazing, resisting, and carpetbagging – and illustrate them with examples of key provincial policies. This suggests a more nuanced argument than is commonly found in international relations for the motivations behind evolving and increasingly activist Chinese foreign policy. It also has important policy implications for understanding and responding to Chinese behavior, in the South China Sea and beyond.
Audrye is a Ph.D. Candidate in Security Studies at Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School, and a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow. Her research has also been funded by the Tobin Project and the Bradley Foundation. Audrye’s dissertation examines China’s strategies of economic statecraft and patterns of effectiveness across different target countries. Her other ongoing projects look at the role of subnational actors in foreign policy and asymmetrical alliance relationships, with a focus on East and Southeast Asia, where she has done extensive field research. Previously, Audrye was a Junior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, researching U.S.-China security interactions and crisis management.
MIN YE - BOSTON UNIVERSITY - ECONOMY IN COMMAND: DOMESTIC POLITICS OF CHINA’S BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE
Mon, Dec 5, 2016, 4:30 pm
Domestic politics has strong bearings on foreign policy. Yet due to its different and convoluted policy regime, it is difficult to grasp domestic determinants of foreign policy in China. The country launched the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in late 2013 and has since promoted it as a major foreign policy initiative inside and outside China. How did the policy come about? How is it being implemented? Drawing on field interviews and primary archives, the talk presents, first, there were multiple forces that shape BRI’s birthing, second, BRI’s implementation is mainly under economic command in Beijing, and third, outside the central command, substantive deviation and subnational defiance from the BRI strategy are widespread and provide market rationality to the ambitious statist initiative.
Min Ye is the author of Diasporas and Foreign Direct Investment in China and India (Cambridge University Press, 2014), and The Making of Northeast Asia (with Kent Calder, Stanford University Press, 2010). Her articles, “China’s Outbound Direct Investment: Regulation and Representation,” “Competing Cooperation in Asia Pacific: TPP, RCEP, and the New Silk Road,” and “Conditions and Utility of Diffusion by Diasporas” have appeared in Modern China Studies (2013), Journal of Asian Security (2015), and Journal of East Asian Studies (2016).
Ye was the director of East Asian Studies program from 2010 to 2014 and launched the new major in Asian Studies at Boston University. She also served as a visiting scholar at Fudan University, Zhejiang University, and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in China, as well as Rajiv Gandhi Foundation in India, Chinese University of Hong Kong, and the National University of Singapore. In addition, she has consulted Chinese state-owned companies and private companies on outbound investment.
Ye has received grants and fellowships in the U.S and Asia, including a Smith Richardson Foundation grant (2016-2018), East Asia Peace, Prosperity, and Governance fellowship (2013), Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program postdoctoral fellowship (2009-2010), and Millennium Education Scholarship in Japan (2006). In 2014-2016, the National Committee on the U.S-China Relations selects Min Ye as a Public Intellectual Program fellow.
“UNPACKING CHINA’S RISE” BONNIE GLASER AND THE CSIS CHINA POWER PROJECT
Wed, Dec 7, 2016, 4:30 pm
Description: China’s transformation from a developing economy into an emerging global power has left an unmistakable mark on international politics. Although China is a hot topic for politicians and pundits from Washington to Beijing, the nature of Chinese power is often poorly understood. Misunderstandings of China’s capabilities drive some to exaggerate and others to understate various aspects of China’s national power.
The China Power Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington D.C. aims to brings clarity to the conversation. Join project director Bonnie Glaser and fellow Matthew Funaiole as they discuss how data visualization paired with expert analysis can help unpack the complexity of China’s rise.
Bonnie S. Glaser is a senior adviser for Asia and the director of the China Power Project at CSIS, where she works on issues related to Chinese foreign and security policy. She is concomitantly a non-resident fellow with the Lowy Institute in Sydney, a senior associate with CSIS Pacific Forum and a consultant for the U.S. government on East Asia. From 2008 – mid-2015 Ms. Glaser was a Senior Adviser with the Freeman Chair in China Studies, and from 2003 to 2008, she was a senior associate in the CSIS International Security Program. Prior to joining CSIS, she served as a consultant for various U.S. government offices, including the Departments of Defense and State. Ms. Glaser has written extensively on various aspects of Chinese foreign policy, including Sino-U.S. relations, U.S.-China military ties, cross-Strait relations, China’s relations with Japan and Korea, and Chinese perspectives on missile defense and multilateral security in Asia. Her writings have been published in the Washington Quarterly, China Quarterly, Asian Survey, International Security, Problems of Communism, Contemporary Southeast Asia, American Foreign Policy Interests, Far Eastern Economic Review, Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, New York Times, and International Herald Tribune, as well as various edited volumes on Asian security. Ms. Glaser is a regular contributor to the Pacific Forum quarterly Web journal Comparative Connections. She is currently a board member of the U.S. Committee of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific, and a member of both the Council on Foreign Relations and the Institute of International Strategic Studies. She served as a member of the Defense Department’s Defense Policy Board China Panel in 1997. Ms. Glaser received her B.A. in political science from Boston University and her M.A. with concentrations in international economics and Chinese studies from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.
MATTHEW P. FUNAIOLE is a fellow with the China Power Project at CSIS. His research focuses on power relationships and alliance structures in the Asia Pacific. Prior to joining CSIS, Dr. Funaiole taught international relations and foreign policy analysis at the University of Saint Andrews in Scotland, where he also completed his doctoral research. He currently holds an adjunct research position with the Foreign Policy Centre in London, where he has published several policy briefings. Dr. Funaiole previously worked on an ongoing research project(link is external) at the University of Cambridge that examines legal regimes and political authority in Asia. He was also a contributing researcher to “The Future of U.S.-China Relations under Xi Jinping” project at Harvard University, which examined the strategic relationship between the United States and China. He is currently drafting a manuscript that examines how shifts in power structures and international norms impact foreign policy. Dr. Funaiole is also engaged in several creative writing projects.
ISAAC KARDON - CWP POSTDOCTORAL FELLOW - "RISING POWER, CREEPING JURISDICTION: CHINA’S LAW OF THE SEA"
Wed, Feb 15, 2017, 4:30 pm
Description: This study explores the relationship between the PRC and the international legal system, with a focus on China's maritime disputes and the law of the sea. The research centers on the PRC's participation in the creation and development of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) regime, a case of Chinese influence on the function -- and dysfunction -- of international law in contemporary global politics. Historical, legal, and operational analysis demonstrate a thoroughgoing PRC effort to achieve "closure" of its maritime frontiers through steadily creeping claims to Chinese jurisdiction over disputed waters in the East and South China Seas. This nominally legal campaign to shape the content and scope of the new EEZ regime is marked by indeterminate, politicized PRC domestic laws, regulations, and practices that appear incompatible with the liberal doctrine at the heart of the law of the sea. A case study of the recent UNCLOS arbitration between China and the Philippines illustrates the practical impact of the increasingly influential, illiberal Chinese approach to international law.
Bio: Isaac B. Kardon (孔适海) is Assistant Professor at the U.S Naval War College, where he is a core member of the China Maritime Studies Institute. His areas of study and specialization are Chinese politics and law, with research and writing focused on East Asian maritime disputes, PRC foreign policy, and the law of the sea. Prior to joining the faculty at the Naval War College, Isaac was a Visiting Scholar at NYU Law’s U.S.-Asia Law Institute (2015-2016) and Adjunct Research Fellow at the National Defense University (2011-2015). During dissertation fieldwork on a Fulbright-Hays award in China (2014-2015), he was a Visiting Scholar with the PRC National Institute for South China Sea Studies in Hainan, China, and a Visiting Fellow at Academia Sinica in Taipei. From 2009-2011, he was a Research Analyst at the National Defense University’s Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs. He has lectured at Peking University, Tsinghua University, and National Taiwan University.
Isaac received a Ph.D. in Government from Cornell University (2011-2016), where his dissertation “Rising Power, Creeping Jurisdiction: China’s Law of the Sea” analyzed China’s practice of the law of the sea, focusing on the PRC’s role in the development of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) regime. He is revising this manuscript for publication as an academic volume during his fellowship at Princeton. He holds an M.Phil from Oxford University (St. Antony’s College) in Modern Chinese Studies, and a B.A. in History from Dartmouth College. He speaks, reads, and writes Italian, Spanish, and Mandarin Chinese.
Location: Robertson Hall Bowl 002 Audience: Open to the Public Speaker(s): Isaac Kardon
DINGLI SHEN WILL SPEAK ON "PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP AND CHINA-US RELATIONS”
Thu, Feb 16, 2017, 12:30 pm
Science and Global Security Seminar Series and China and the World Program - Thursday, February 16, 2017
Dingli Shen will speak on "President Donald Trump and China-US Relations”
Seminars will be held at 12:30 p.m., normally on Wednesdays during the academic year, at 221 Nassau Street (located at J2 on the campus map (link is external)) in the 2nd Floor Conference Room. You are welcome to bring your lunch. There is no need to rsvp. This seminar is jointly co-sponsored by the Program on Science and Global Security and the Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program (CWP).
Dingli Shen, Fudan University
Dingli Shen is Professor and Associate Dean at Fudan University¹s Institute of International Studies. His research and his publications cover issues related to China-US security relations, regional security and international strategy, arms control and nonproliferation, foreign and defense policy of China and the United States. He is Vice President of Chinese Association of South Asian Studies, Shanghai Association of International Studies, and Shanghai Association of American Studies. He received his Ph.D. in physics from Fudan in 1989 and was a post-doc in arms control at Princeton University from 1989-1991. He was an Eisenhower Fellow in 1996, and advised in 2002 the then UN Secretary General Kofi Annan for his strategic planning of second term. He is on the Global Council of Asia Society, and is appointed by Shanghai Municipality as Shanghai¹s Conference Ambassador.
221 Nassau Street (located at J2 on the campus map) in the 2nd Floor Conference Room
Open to the Public
THOMAS CHRISTENSEN ON PANEL FOR 6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE - ESCALATING RISKS: CHINA'S ECONOMY, SOCIETY AND FINANCIAL SYSTEM
Thu, Feb 16, 2017, 4:30 pm
After decades of unprecedented growth, China is confronting growing social and economic challenges. How can China deal with these challenges, particularly in its financial system and currency market? What are the implications for global financial stability and growth?”
The conference will take place on the Princeton University campus, it is open to the public but registration is required.
Thursday, February 16, 2017
Open to the public
4:30 pm - 6:00 pm
Panel on China’s international politics and economics
Thomas Christensen, Princeton University
William Kirby, Harvard Business School
This session is co-sponsored by Princeton-Harvard China in the World Program
By invitation only
6:00 pm Reception - 7:00 pm Dinner
Dinner speech: “Gaining Currency: The Rise of the Renminbi”
Eswar Prasad, Cornell University
Friday, February 17, 2017
Open to the public (all day)
9:00 am - 10:30 am
Panel on household survey and income/wealth inequality
Yu Xie, Princeton University
Li Gan, Texas A&M University
Terry Sicular, University of Western Ontario
This session is co-sponsored by the Center on Contemporary China(link is external)(link is external)
10:30 am - 10:45 am Break
10:45 am - 12:15 pm
Policy Risk in China
"The Long Shadow of a Fiscal Expansion"
Chang-Tai Hsieh, The University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Discussant: Yi Huang, The Graduate Institute Geneva
"China's Model of Managing the Financial System"
Wei Xiong, Princeton University
Discussant: William Cong, The University of Chicago Booth School of Business
12:15 pm - 2:00 pm
Lunch and Keynote speech
"Is a Resurgent Party/State Dragging Down China’s Growth?"
Nicholas Lardy, Peterson Institute for International Finance
2:00 pm - 3:30 pm
"In the Shadow of Banks: Wealth Management Products and Issuing Banks' Risk in China"
Jun Qian, Shanghai Advanced Institute of Finance
Discussant: Zhiguo He, The University of Chicago Booth School of Business
"Liquidity Regulation and Unintended Financial Transformation in China"
Kinda Hachem, The University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Discussant: Hui Chen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
3:30 pm - 3:45 pm Break
3:45 pm - 5:15 pm
Panel on Rising Leverage in China
Shang Jin Wei, Columbia University
Mark Spiegel, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco
Joseph Gyourko, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania
5:30 pm Adjourn
Julis Romo Rabinowitz Building Room 399, which is located at 20 Washington Road - Second Floor
Open to the Public
CHONG JA IAN 莊嘉穎 - CWP ALUMNI FELLOW - 'BUYING OUT, CASHING IN: NON-LEADING STATES, AGGREGATED REACTIONS, AND THE PROBLEMS OF POWER TRANSITION IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC'
Mon, Feb 20, 2017, 4:30 pm
Ja Ian Chong, National University of Singapore
Much of the literature on power transition focuses on leading states in relative rise and decline and is relatively silent on non-leading actors such as regional powers, middle powers, and smaller regional states. Yet, if being a leading state implies possessing a network of allies and friends to bolster institutions and norms that perpetuate preeminence, then non-leading states, their support, and actions may be consequential for major powers in relative rise and decline. Efforts by regional actors in East Asia to “hedge” and “not choose sides” between the United States and China, for example, seem to exacerbate U.S.-China competition and growing regional tensions. This despite the fact that the stated aim of such action was to moderate major power rivalry in the region and safeguard stability during apparent shifts in the distribution of power.
Disparate attempts by non-leading states to navigate power transition may collectively exacerbate friction among the leading states in relative rise and decline, heightening insecurity. Power transitions do not occur in a frictionless vacuum and imply more than changes in the distribution of material capabilities. They involve efforts by newly prominent actors to modify or even replace prevailing institutional and normative bargains to more accurately reflect their interests and growing strength. Established states concurrently seek to protect their preferences and privileged positions by trying to preserve institutional and informal arrangements they find helpful for maintaining dominance. Leading states in both relative rise and decline reach out to seek support from non-leading states to do so. Leading states need supporters, friends, and allies to realize and sustain the order they envision. Contestation among leading states in relative rise and decline over order means that non-leading states may collectively have a disproportionate effect on the conditions surrounding power transitions. Individual attempts by non-leading states to address the uncertainties of power transition can aggregate to heighten the strategic mistrust and sharpen security dilemmas between leading states. These effects result from the simultaneous collective action, coordination, and commitment problems that generally impede cooperation among states.
In looking at East Asia from the early 2000s, I submits that individual efforts by non-leading powers to secure their interests tend to collectively make the U.S.-China relationship more fraught with strategic mistrust and security dilemmas, even if inadvertently. Even seemingly innocuous efforts at hedging and neutrality by non-leading regional states, which appear individually rational and profitable, can be potentially destabilizing if simultaneously undertaken by enough actors. So long as strategic mistrust among leading states persist, actions by non-leading states can create conditions that intensify broader security concerns. Highlighting such perspectives enable me to extend and bring together existing scholarly and policy conversations about power transitions, order-building, security dilemmas, and the roles of non-leading states, while outlining the contours of contemporary politics in East Asia.
Bio: Ja Ian Chong is assistant professor of political science at the National University of Singapore. He previously worked with the Centre for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C. and the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies in Singapore, and was a Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program fellow. Dr. Chong’s work crosses the fields of international relations, comparative politics, and political sociology, with a focus on security issues relating to China and East Asia. He follows the interplay of social movements, politics, and foreign policy in East Asia closely. His work appears in a number of journals, edited volumes, and newspapers, including the China Quarterly, European Journal of International Relations, International Security, Security Studies, and Asian Security among others. Dr. Chong is author of External Intervention and the Politics of State Formation: China, Thailand, Indonesia – 1893-1952, Cambridge University Press, 2012, recipient of the 2013/4 Best Book Award from the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association.
Robertson Hall Bowl 001
Open to the Public
DR CHONG JA IAN 莊嘉穎
DARREN LIM FROM AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY - “A CHINA CHOICE IN SOUTH ASIA? SINO-INDIAN RIVALRY IN SRI LANKA”
Tue, Feb 21, 2017, 12:15 pm
CISS Security Studies Colloquium presents:
“A China Choice in South Asia? Sino-Indian Rivalry in Sri Lanka”
Tuesday, February 21, 12:15-1:20pm
Robertson Hall 011
Lunch will be served. To sign up, please contact Cindy Ernst, [email protected].
Please join us in welcoming Darren Lim, Woodrow Wilson PhD *15 back to Princeton. Darren now serves as Lecturer in International Relations at the Australian National University in Melbourne. His research primarily focuses on economic statecraft (diplomacy and coercion), the foundations of interdependence, particularly between China and its major economic partners (including Australia), and the mechanisms through which trade and investment links can affect states’ security and foreign policies. Other research projects include “hedging” security strategies in East Asia, the relationship between Security Council membership and foreign aid receipts, and the political economy of power transitions in the context of US-China relations.
Robertson Hall 011
Open to the Public
CWP WORKSHOP 2017
Wed, Mar 8, 2017, 4:00 pm to Fri, Mar 10, 2017, 5:00 pm
For March 9-10th, 2017 The China and the World Program at the Woodrow Wilson School will be at Georgia Tech in Atlanta GA.
March 8th Schedule -
Thomas Christensen Lecture - “China’s Rise and the Challenge for American Security”
Time: 4-5:30 pm., Weds., March 8, 2017 Venue: Peachtree Room, Georgia Tech Student Center Common (360 Ferst Drive NW Atlanta, GA 30332) Visitor Parking across the street. Free & Open to the Public
March 9th Schedule -
International Workshop on China & the World Atlanta, GA—March 9, 2017
**All sessions take place at the Global Learning Center - Room 236 unless otherwise noted**
8:30-9:00 Welcome Joe Bankoff; Chair, Sam Nunn School of International Affairs Jaqueline J. Royster; Dean, Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts Thomas Christensen; Director, China and the World Program
9:00-10:00 The Rise of China and the Changing Nature of Power in the 21st Century: Getting the Questions Right Adam Liff, Indiana University
10:15-12:15 Panel on ‘Transitions: The Future of US-China around the Globe’ Moderator: Hanchao Lu, Georgia Tech Discussants: Thomas Christensen, Princeton University and CWP Co-director; Andrew Erickson, Naval War College; John Garver, Georgia Tech; Alastair Iain Johnston, Harvard University & CWP Co-director; Fei-ling Wang, Georgia Tech; Xu Xin, Cornell University
12:30-1:30 Lunch (Invitation Only)
1:30-2:30 Rethinking Sino-American Relations: Is Mutual Accommodation Possible? Xiaoyu Pu, University of Nevada
2:45-3:45 Chinese Military Reform in the Age of Xi Jinping Joel Wuthnow, National Defense University
4:00-6:00 Panel on ‘China and Trade: A look at Opportunities & Challenges to the International Economic Order’ Moderator: Penelope Prime, Georgia State University Discussants: Rongbin Han, University of Georgia; Scott Kastner, University of Maryland; Chien-pin Li, Kennesaw State; Haizheng Li, Georgia Tech; Eric Reinhardt, Emory University; Alanna Krolikowski, University of Alberta.
6:30-8:30 CWP Workshop Dinner (Invitation Only)
March 10th Schedule - Format for the invitation-only fellows' workshop:
Title: THE PLA IN CHINA: A FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY-MAKING
Abstract: The PLA in China: A Foreign and Security Policy-making. In my lecture, I will explain how the political
"trinity" - consisting of the Party, the PLA and the State - plays a role in China's foreign and security policy-making particularly during the period of 1978 and 2012.
Title: WORKING WITH BEIJING: LESSONS FROM THE PAST AND FUTURE U.S. POLICY TOWARD CHINA
Abstract: China’s assertive behavior in the East and South China Seas, its unwillingness to crack down on North Korea, and its steadily growing clout in the global arena has generated a debate on whether and how the United States should recalibrate its posture toward China. How has the Obama administration’s “pivot” to Asia performed in the past eight years? Should the next U.S. administration continue engaging Beijing? Or are tougher measures in order? This lecture will outline the contours of the ongoing debate on U.S. policy toward China, and ask what lessons we can learn from the history of Sino-U.S. relations to inform present deliberations. It will examine previous attempts by American leaders to elicit cooperation from their Chinese counterparts, and discuss the elements of both failed and successful diplomatic efforts.
Title: Rising Power, Creeping Jurisdiction: China’s Law of the Sea
Abstract: This study explores the relationship between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the law of the sea, with empirical focus on the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) regime as codified in the 1982 Third United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS
III).1 The main pattern to be explained is China’s practice of international law in its maritime disputes, moving beyond a question of “compliance” with the relevant rules to address instead how China shapes the underlying legal norms, and vice versa. The
analysis demonstrates that the EEZ regime transforms Chinese interests in maritime space, enabling systematic use of the EEZ regime as a means of excluding others from disputed space along China’s maritime periphery. Backed up by growing capacity (i.e., “rising power”) to enforce its claims, China’s purposive interpretation and flexible application of the norms of the EEZ regime manifest as “creeping” claims to jurisdiction and rights beyond those contemplated in UNCLOS III. These nominally jurisdictional claims enable the PRC’s push toward closure, a broader strategic aim to control vital maritime space that includes political, military and economic components.
Global Learning Center - Georgia Institute of Technology
Open to the Public
LAI-HA CHAN - FUNG GLOBAL FELLOW 2016-17 PRINCETON UNIVERSITY - "WHY DID CHINA ESTABLISH THE AIIB AND WHY COULDN’T THE US PERSUADE KEY ALLIES TO BOYCOTT IT? A RATIONALIST ACCOUNT"
Fri, Mar 31, 2017, 12:00 pm
Description: The existing account about the China-led multilateral development bank – the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) – has been focused on the American policy concerns and the economic and commercial reasons for China to establish it. Two deeper questions are left unaddressed: Was there any strategic rationale for China to initiate a new multilateral development bank; and why could the US not persuade its key allies, with the exception of Japan, to boycott the AIIB? From a rationalist perspective, this paper argues that China felt threatened by the Obama administration’s rebalance to the Asia-Pacific strategy. In response, China opts for a soft-balancing policy whereby it creates a regional security space in Eurasia to mitigate the threat coming from its east. China’s material power, premised on the fact that the country is a huge domestic market and flush with cash even after the global financial crisis and the European sovereign debt crisis, has proved irresistible for other Western states that they were enticed away from the USA. This paper adds weight to the claim that the US has fallen into a relative decline in economic governance in East Asia.
Bio: Lai-Ha Chan is a Senior Lecturer at the China Research Centre, UTS. Lai-Ha was educated in Macau, Hong Kong, New Zealand and Australia. Before going to Australia for a PhD research programme, she worked for the Hong Kong SAR Government. Her Master’s thesis at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand was awarded the New Zealand Asia 2000 Prize for the Best Thesis. One of her recent articles, “Rethinking Global Governance: A China Model in the Making?”(link is external), published in Contemporary Politics, 14 (1), 2008, won a prize for the Best Article in the journal in 2008.
Lai-Ha has published, individually and collaboratively, two scholarly books, one edited volume, and a number of peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters. Her sole-authored book China Engages Global Health Governance: Responsible Stakeholder or System-Transformer? (Palgrave, 2011), is the first book-length study of China’s participation in global health governance and its intention for global governance. Using HIV/AIDS as a case study, this book employs International Relations theories about global governance and world order to investigate the process of China’s engagement with global health governance as well as its implications for the emergent world order in the context of China’s rapid rise in power.
Another book, China Engages Global Governance: A New World Order in the Making? (Routledge, 2012), is a collaborative work with scholars in New Zealand and the United Kingdom. The book comprehensively covers issues of Chinese perspectives on global governance, including international peace and security, international finance and trade, human rights and humanitarian intervention, environmental protection, public health and food safety, energy security and transnational organized crime.
The third book is an edited volume, China at 60: Global-Local Interactions (World Scientific, 2011). Lai-Ha is the lead editor and a contributor of this volume. It explores the interactions between China and the world over the course of the 60 years of the Chinese Communist Party’s rule since 1949 and the impact of these interactions on China’s domestic development. Focus is on the domestic impacts of China’s increasing engagement with the world, the global implications of China’s reform efforts and growing power, and the long-lasting uniqueness of this non-European rising nation.
Fisher Hall - Room 200
Open to the Public
CHINESE POLITICS IN THE XI JINPING ERA: REASSESSING COLLECTIVE LEADERSHIP
Mon, Apr 3, 2017, 4:30 pm
Chinese politics are at a crossroads as President Xi Jinping amasses personal power and tests the constraints of collective leadership.
In the years since he became general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party in 2012, Xi Jinping has surprised many people in China and around the world with his bold anti-corruption campaign and his aggressive consolidation of power. Given these new developments, we must rethink how we analyze Chinese politics—an urgent task as China now has more influence on the global economy and regional security than at any other time in modern history.
Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era examines how the structure and dynamics of party leadership have evolved since the late 1990s and argues that “inner-party democracy”—the concept of collective leadership that emphasizes deal making based on accepted rules and norms—may pave the way for greater transformation within China’s political system. Xi’s legacy will largely depend on whether he encourages or obstructs this trend of political institutionalization in the governance of the world’s most populous and increasingly pluralistic country.
Cheng Li also addresses the recruitment and composition of the political elite, a central concern in Chinese politics. China analysts will benefit from the meticulously detailed biographical information of the 376 members of the 18th Central Committee, including tables and charts detailing their family background, education, occupation, career patterns, and mentor-patron ties.
Cheng Li is director of the John L. Thornton China Center(link is external)(link is external) and a senior fellow in the Foreign Policy(link is external)(link is external) program at Brookings. He is also a director of the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations. Li focuses on the transformation of political leaders, generational change and technological development in China.
Li grew up in Shanghai during the Cultural Revolution. In 1985 he came to the United States, where he received a master's in Asian studies from the University of California, Berkeley and a doctorate in political science from Princeton University. From 1993 to 1995, he worked in China as a fellow sponsored by the Institute of Current World Affairs in the U.S., observing grassroots changes in his native country. Based on this experience, he published a nationally acclaimed book, "Rediscovering China: Dynamics and Dilemmas of Reform" (1997).
Li is also the author or the editor of numerous books, including "China’s Leaders: The New Generation" (2001), "Bridging Minds Across the Pacific: The Sino-U.S. Educational Exchange 1978-2003" (2005), "China’s Changing Political Landscape: Prospects for Democracy" (2008), "China’s Emerging Middle Class: Beyond Economic Transformation" (2010), "The Road to Zhongnanhai: High-Level Leadership Groups on the Eve of the 18th Party Congress" (in Chinese, 2012), "The Political Mapping of China’s Tobacco Industry and Anti-Smoking Campaign" (2012), "China's Political Development: Chinese and American Perspectives" (2014), "Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership" (2016), and "The Power of Ideas: The Rising Influence of Thinkers and Think Tanks in China" (forthcoming). He is currently completing a book manuscript with the working title "Middle Class Shanghai: Pioneering China’s Global Integration." He is the principal editor of the Thornton Center Chinese Thinkers Series published by the Brookings Institution Press.
Simpson International Building, Room A71
Free and Open to the Public
CHEN YALI - CWP POSTDOCTORAL FELLOW - 'THE PLA IN CHINA: A FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY-MAKING'
Wed, Apr 5, 2017, 4:30 pm
The PLA in China: A Foreign and Security Policy-making. In my lecture, I will explain how the political
"trinity" - consisting of the Party, the PLA and the State - plays a role in China's foreign and security policy-making particularly during the period of 1978 and 2012.
Yali CHEN passed the dissertation defense, with distinction, in July 2015. Her dissertation, The PLA in China’s Foreign and Security Policy-making: Drivers, Mechanism and Interactions, studies the influence the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) exerts in China’s foreign and security policy-making process. She graduated from Renmin University of China with a B.A. degree in international relations in 1994 and received a master’s degree from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University in 2002.
Chen was a pre-doctoral research fellow at Brookings Institution in 2013-14. From 2002-2012, she worked for the Washington-based Center for Defense Information, World Security Institute (WSI), and Global Zero as a Research Analyst and Editor. In addition to conducting research and writing on U.S.-China relations, she focused on policy research on China’s military modernization, as well as a wide range of policy issues from nuclear arms control, non-proliferation, the South China Sea disputes, to the U.S.-China mil-to-mil relationship. She co-founded WSI’s China office, and China Security, an English-language policy journal devoted to U.S.-China security policy issues and a unique forum for Chinese thinkers to share their opinions with the policy circles of the United States. Chen also founded and managed Washington Observer Weekly, a Chinese-language e-magazine on U.S.-China relations, which reached numerous Chinese government officials and military officers, as well as university educators and academic researchers. She worked as the China Liaison for Global Zero, an international nuclear disarmament group, in 2008-2012, for which she interacted with relevant agencies including Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the PLA, the 9th Academy and China's arms control community to promote understanding and conduct dialogues on nuclear arms control. She taught international security crisis management at various universities including National Defense University of Technology.
Chen worked for China Daily as a reporter and Op-ed writer in 1994-2000. During her career as a journalist at China Daily, she won national news awards including: the first prize of China’s International News Award, granted by the News Office of China’s State Council in 1997; the second prize of China’s Legislation News, granted by China’s National People’s Congress; and the third prize of China’s International News Award in 1995.
Her research interests include the PLA, China’s foreign and defense policy-making, maritime security policies, China’s science and technology policies, technology innovation and China’s regional development, and civil-military interactions.
PhD Candidate, China Studies, Johns Hopkins SAIS
MPA, Princeton University, 2000-2002
B.A., Renmin University, 1990-1994
Robertson Hall Bowl 2
Open to the Public
2017 GLOBAL GOVERNANCE FORUM - PUCC
Wed, Apr 5, 2017 (All day) to Fri, Apr 7, 2017 (All day)
Uniting the most promising student leaders across the world on Princeton's campus, the Princeton US-China Coalition is proud to announce our annual Global Governance Forum. Selected students will have the opportunity to participate in discussions led by prominent US-China academics, engage in fast-paced crisis simulations, and network with companies working at the forefront of the US-China interface. The conference will culminate in a capstone policy proposal project, where students will be presented with a theoretical case in US-China relations and challenged to present substantive recommendations in response to the issue. Featuring prominent academics and industry leaders, an intimate environment with students hailing from across the globe, and the resources of a world-class university, the Global Governance Forum offers a unique and unforgettable experience in the exploration of US-China policy.
RYAN HASS - US STATE DEPARTMENT - 'LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION IN MANAGING U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS'
Wed, Apr 12, 2017, 4:30 pm
Description: The lecture will begin with a review of the guiding principles and key assumptions that the Obama administration used to inform its approach to the bilateral relationship between China and the USA. This review will be followed by a discussion about the key trends that emerged in the relationship. Mr. Hass will share a few anecdotes from meetings with China's leadership to illustrate the broader themes of the talk.
Bio: Ryan Hass is a career Foreign Service Officer at the Department of State. From 2013-2017, Ryan served as the Director for China, Taiwan and Mongolia at the National Security Council (NSC) Staff. In this role, he advised the President and senior White House officials on all aspects of U.S. policy toward China, Taiwan, and Mongolia, and coordinated on formulation and implementation of U.S. policy among U.S. government departments and agencies.
Prior to joining NSC, Ryan served as a Political Officer in U.S. Embassy Beijing, where he earned the State Department Director General’s award for impact and originality in reporting, an award given annually to the officer whose reporting had the greatest impact on the formulation of U.S. foreign policy. Ryan also has served in Embassy Seoul and Embassy Ulaanbaatar, and domestically in the State Department Office of Taiwan Coordination.
Ryan was born and raised in Washington state. He graduated from the University of Washington and attended the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies prior to joining the State Department. He is married to his college sweetheart, Meredith Sumpter, and together they have four children, Helen, Reed, Byron, and Henry.
Director for China, Taiwan and Mongolia - National Security Staff and Foreign Service Officer - US Department of State
Robertson Hall Bowl 002
Open to the Public
Simpson International Building A71
Open to the Public
JONATHAN STROMSETH - BROOKINGS - 'CHINA’S RELATIONS WITH SOUTHEAST ASIA: IMPLICATION FOR U.S. FOREIGN POLICY'
Wed, Apr 19, 2017, 4:30 pm
Description: The bulk of the lecture will focus on how Southeast Asia is responding to the rise of China, and the policy implications of these developments for U.S. Asia policy and U.S.-China relations. It will review how countries are responding collectively, through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as well as individually as sovereign states. Toward the end of the lecture, Dr. Stromseth will also introduce and discuss his new book, China’s Governance Puzzle: Enabling Transparency and Participation in a Single-Party State, co-authored with Edmund Malesky and Dimitar Gueorguiev (Cambridge University Press, 2017).
Bio: Jonathan Stromseth is a senior fellow at Brookings, where he holds the Lee Kuan Yew Chair in Southeast Asian Studies in the Center for East Asia Policy Studies. He also holds a joint appointment with the Brookings John L. Thornton China Center.
Stromseth has broad experience as a policymaker, scholar, and development practitioner. From 2014 to 2017, he served on the secretary of state’s policy planning staff, advising the State Department’s leadership on China, Southeast Asia, and East Asian and Pacific affairs. Previously, he was The Asia Foundation’s country representative to China (2006–2014) and to Vietnam (2000–2005), and is a three-time recipient of the Foundation’s President’s Award for extraordinary program leadership. He has also conducted research as a Fulbright Scholar in Singapore, worked for the United Nations peacekeeping operation in Cambodia, and taught Southeast Asian politics at Columbia University.
In the scholarly domain, Stromseth is co-author with Edmund Malesky and Dimitar Gueorguiev of “China’s Governance Puzzle: Enabling Transparency and Participation in a Single-Party State(link is external)” (Cambridge University Press, 2017). This study not only documents the origins and scope of reforms promoting transparency and participation in China, but analyzes the impact of these reforms on important governance outcomes. Comparing across provinces and over time, the book argues that the reforms are resulting in lower corruption and enhanced legal compliance, but these outcomes also depend on a broader societal ecosystem that includes an active media and robust civil society.
Stromseth’s publications also include a multi-volume series on U.S.-Vietnam relations as well as articles on policymaking in Vietnam and foreign aid trends in Asia. At Brookings, Stromseth is focusing his research on how Southeast Asia is responding to the rise of China, and the policy implications of these developments for the United States. In addition, he plans to examine economic and governance reforms in Vietnam and assess the prospects for democratic consolidation in Myanmar.
Stromseth has extensive experience implementing governance reform projects in the region. In Vietnam, he created programs to encourage private sector growth through improved economic governance, culminating in a Provincial Competitiveness Index, which ranks all Vietnamese provinces based on key governance indicators. In China, he designed and managed a multi-year project to strengthen public participation in policymaking, working with legislative authorities and China’s top law schools to train officials and support policy innovations. He also led a program to promote government transparency by supporting Open Government Information (OGI) initiatives at the provincial level.
He holds a doctorate in political science from Columbia University, where his studies focused on comparative politics and international relations in the Asia-Pacific region. His academic awards include a Columbia President’s Fellowship as well as research fellowships from the Social Science Research Council and the Institute for the Study of World Politics.
Robertson Hall Bowl 001
Open to the Public
ORIANA MASTRO - GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY - 'TALKING TO THE ENEMY: EXPLAINING DIPLOMATIC STRATEGY IN ASIAN WARS, 1950-1979'
Wed, May 3, 2017, 4:30 pm
Description: Diplomacy plays a critical role in the management and resolution of armed conflict and crises in the international system. After a war breaks out, decision makers see the opening of talks as a constructive step in the conflict’s resolution - dialogue allows for deals to be brokered and the logistics of war termination to be coordinated among all the relevant parties. However, in contemporary limited wars, there is a near universal tendency for states to initially fight for a period of time without engaging in talks. What factors explain whether states are open or closed to talking while fighting and when might their diplomatic posture change? This paper adds a framework of the potential costs of conversation to the existing literature on its benefits to better explain variation in countries’ approaches to wartime diplomacy. This framework is then tested with four case studies of conflict in Asia: Chinese decision making in the Korean war, China and Indian decision making in the Sino-Indian War, and North Vietnamese decision making in the Vietnam War. The findings have significant implications for the literature on diplomacy and the bargaining model of war.
Bio: Oriana Skylar Mastro is an assistant professor of security studies at the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University where her research focuses on Chinese military and security policy, Asia-Pacific security issues, war termination, and coercive diplomacy. She is also in the United States Air Force Reserve, for which she works as a political military strategist for PACAF.
Previously, Dr. Mastro was a fellow in the Asia-Pacific Security program at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) and a University of Virginia Miller Center National Fellow. Highly proficient in Mandarin,she has also worked on China policy issues at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, RAND Corporation, and U.S. Pacific Command.
She holds a B.A. in East Asian Studies from Stanford University and an M.A. and Ph.D in Politics from Princeton University.
Robertson Hall Bowl 002
Open to the Public
ORIANA SKYLAR MASTRO